Back pain can affect everyone: both young and old, women and men. According to Statistics, 70 to 85% of people will suffer from lower back pain one day or another… No wonder it is called the disease of the century!
Although low back pain (medical term for localized pain in the lower back) is common, it is sometimes difficult to identify the source. It is that lower back pain is often due to not one, but several factors.
Back pain, several possible causes
The vertebral column is made up of an average of 31 superimposed vertebrae, from the neck to the coccyx, with intervertebral discs between each of them. Then, around the spine are muscles, tendons, ligaments and nerves… all structures that can be involved in low back pain!
Back pain can just as well occur following a false movement, a sudden gesture, weight gain or pregnancy. Those most at risk include those who do little exercise, regularly lift heavy loads, sit for several hours at a time a day, or adopt poor postures in their daily activities.
Lower back pain can also be due to osteoarthritis (sometimes excessive joint wear and tear that can cause inflammation), a herniated disc (crack or tear in an intervertebral disc), a sprain (elongation of an muscle or ligament) or lumbago (benign sprain commonly known as “backache”).
When to consult your physiotherapist?
If lower back pain occurs, try resting your back and applying ice (10 minutes every two hours) for the first 24 to 48 hours. You can also try to relieve the pain with acetaminophen (ex.: Tylenol) or a muscle relaxant (ex.: Robaxacet, Myoflex), according to the advice of your pharmacist.
Be sure to gradually resume your activities as soon as the inflammation and acute pain have subsided, as lower back pain tends to become chronic with inactivity. If the pain persists, it is important to consult your physiotherapist to help you determine the cause(s) and treat the symptoms.
Physio and back pain
During the first consultation, your physiotherapist will carry out a detailed assessment of your condition, in particular by observing your posture and looking for any muscle weakness, joint stiffness, or disc damage that could be the cause of your lower back pain.
Subsequently, physiotherapy sessions will, if necessary, relieve tension, soften muscles or tissues in order to soothe pain, regain your full physical mobility and prevent recurrences.
The physiotherapist will also develop a personalized treatment plan that will include advice on your lifestyle (work techniques, posture, etc.). He will also teach you targeted exercises to do every day at home, such as strengthening, proprioception, motor control and balance exercises as well as stretching and flexibility, in order to maintain or improve your skills. .
Physiotherapists often work closely with an interdisciplinary team (occupational therapist, osteopath, kinesiologist, massage therapist). If your condition requires further investigation, testing or medication, your physiotherapist will refer you to your doctor.
From the ancient Greek “Kinêsis”, movement, and “therapy”, physiotherapy therefore includes all the techniques of therapy through movement . It concerns the entire musculoskeletal system.
From infant bronchiolitis to chronic low back pain
Patients are generally referred to a physiotherapist by their doctor on medical prescription, following an injury, surgery, due to rheumatism , etc. But also to relieve pain resulting from a deformation, a contracture, or a joint problem.
Physiotherapy mullingar is therefore frequently used to treat back pain . But it is also used to relieve stiffness and certain chronic diseases, to carry out respiratory rehabilitation, or to reduce balance disorders. Carried out in an office, in a hospital, or in a rehabilitation center, it indeed includes different areas of speciality.
Procedure of consultations
First step for the physiotherapist: carry out an assessment , sometimes in-depth, to understand the origin and the context of the pain . The specialist asks the patient in particular about his history, the frequency with which the pain appears, and the type of pain suffered.
Then we set up a therapeutic program. This can consist of massage sessions, rehabilitation, stretching, muscle strengthening, or mobilization techniques. For your physiotherapist, it is first and foremost a question of relieving the pain , then of avoiding, as far as possible, that it comes back!
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Physiotherapy treatment: what therapy?
Physiotherapy is therefore treatment through movement. And in particular by touch : massages and manipulations are frequent during a physiotherapy session. Other techniques are also used to provide the most effective and lasting result, depending on each patient and their pathology.