Illegal drugs are like a vicious circle. Users will find difficult to escape, and will eventually become addicts. We often see drug users being treated in prison, but that’s the wrong approach. The right treatment for drug users and addicts is rehabilitation because they are victims of illegal drugs, who must be saved. In many countries, the state is responsible for restoring drug users through rehabilitation. For rehabilitation to occur, addicts will live in recovery facilities so that they can be free from drug entanglement and are reluctant to use them again.
Drugs are the most important enemy all countries and the international community are fighting. Data from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) on June 24, 2021 show that at least 275 million people worldwide were shackled by drugs in 2020. Global trends estimate an increase of around 11 percent to 2030. For this reason, synergetic action between institutions, rehabilitation places and the family unit is needed. Drug rehabilitation facilities have an important role to play in the fight against drugs. One-way families can help in the process is family intervention. Visit our website to find out what a family intervention is.
Top drug rehabilitation facilities are very concerned by social rehabilitation. Social rehab is strengthening the social awareness of drug users so that they can perform their social function and return to the way they were before taking drugs. Social rehab strengthens social responsibility when returning into society.
In Tier 1 drug rehabilitation centers, patients will receive the following rehabilitation services:
1. Medical Check
The first stage that must be carried out on a rehab patient is a health examination by a team of doctors plus a psychotherapist. At this stage, the medical team attempts to measure the level of drug abuse, as well as to analyze the side-effects on the body of the user. If the patient suffers from depression, hallucinations, or other behavioral problems, the psychotherapist may prescribe anti-psychotic medication before moving on to the next stage of rehabilitation.
At the end of the withdrawal stage of the detoxification step, the patient must be completely free of the intense painful effects of the drugs used. During this stage the patient will experience intense symptoms of pain accompanied by nausea, sweat, cravings, etc. At this stage, the medical team may prescribe light medication and vitamins to relieve the side-effects. The team will help the patient drink as much water as possible and eat a nutritious diet.
After passing the detoxification stage, the patient proceeds to the stabilization stage. The target of this stage is long-term recovery. A psychotherapist counsels patients about their future plans after getting off drugs. This step is designed to give the patient stronger psychological defense when released into society.
4. Activity Management
Patients who have been declared recovered will carry out normal daily activities outside of the rehabilitation facility. At this stage, the patient is not free from the threat of drug abuse. Many drug users recover temporarily but relapse. Family and an out-patient support system are absolutely needed to help the former drug addict carry out post-recovery activities. A change of environment is necessary: the former drug addict must not reassociate with his/her old drug friends, or remain in her/her past environment: they must change environment to avoid approaching illicit drugs.
Once free from drugs, it is recommended to the person to continue diligently exercising. If the former user does not have any physical activities, his/her body will weaken and will experience stress, all states conducive to taking drugs again. Physical exercise keeps the body healthy while keeping the former drug addict from dwelling upon negative thoughts.