A gestational carrier, better known as a surrogate mother, is a woman who agrees to conceive and deliver a baby for another person. The people who will take care of the baby after it is born are the intended parents and they will be involved in all processes, from the time the baby is still in the womb to the delivery process.
The term “gestational surrogate mother” refers to women who become pregnant after a successful assisted fertilization procedure, also known as in vitro fertilization (IVF). Recently, gestational surrogacy has become a more suitable choice because it can provide a genetic link between parents and their babies. You can find out more about the role of a surrogacy agency in this process on this website.
Gestational surrogacy is very common; especially with the development of IVF technology. Women who choose gestational surrogates are those who:
– abnormalities in the uterus
– their uterus has been removed through a hysterectomy as a treatment for other ailments
– have a heart or lung disease that could jeopardize their safety if they become pregnant or give birth
– tried and couldn’t get pregnant with the IVF technique
– are unable to adopt children due to age, marital status, or sexual orientation
The chosen surrogate mother can be a friend, family member, or gestational surrogate employed through a surrogate agent. Each choice of surrogate mother has its own difficulties. According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, surrogacy should not be carried out using nuclear family members because babies born will have the same genes as babies born from siblings. While using a friend or family member as a surrogate is less expensive and less complicated from a legal point of view, this method has its challenges. Therefore, many people choose to use find a surrogate through the services of a surrogacy agency. The agent will arrange the agreement, receive payments and pay the surrogate mother, as well as deal directly with the surrogate mother to avoid personal conflicts between her surrogate mother and the intended parents.
Hiring a gestational surrogate can be expensive. Costs are influenced by several factors, including:
– agent fee
– compensation of gestational surrogates
– health Insurance
– fees for non-medical needs
– legal process fees
– counselling fee
Surrogate mothers can be expensive. Therefore, parents are advised to consider the matter carefully before choosing to use a surrogate mother.
Personal roles and responsibilities of each party
– making sure the baby gets good care while in the womb
– custody and legal rights over children
– compensation for surrogate mothers
– place of birth
– health costs for the whole process
– health insurance for surrogate mothers during pregnancy until delivery
– all the possibilities that can happen, such as the unexpected birth of twins or triplets
Once a suitable surrogate has been found and an agreement has been signed as a binding legal contract, the IVF process will begin. The process begins by equating the cycle of surrogate mothers and birth mothers with drugs; this is done to ensure the surrogate mother’s uterus can contain an embryo when the egg from the birth mother is taken and fertilized. When the cycle of the mother and that of the surrogate mother are the same, the birth mother will take drugs to stimulate the production of a lot of eggs. When eggs are ready to be fertilized, the cell will be removed through a simple operation; at the same time, the dad will produce a sperm sample. The egg will then be fertilized in a laboratory dish. When the fertilization process is successful, the embryo will be transferred to the womb of the surrogate mother.
Possible complications and risks for surrogate mothers are:
Emotional aspect. The process of using a surrogate can be time-consuming and complicated; parents should understand what to expect before starting the process. Sometimes, it can take parents months or years to find a suitable surrogate. Not all IVF processes can lead to a successful pregnancy, therefore there is a possibility that parents may have to repeat the same process 3-4 times. This process can take up to several months because the IVF process takes 4-6 weeks.
Level of success. The success of pregnancy cannot be guaranteed, especially when the pregnancy uses eggs from the biological mother because the possibility of the mother producing good eggs will depend on her age.
Side effects. Fertility drugs used during the process can cause some side effects for the mother and the gestational surrogate. The surrogate mother will also experience the side effects that are commonly experienced during pregnancy.
Medical and health concerns. Before the process begins, the gestational surrogate mother will undergo a psychological examination to ensure she is willing to give up the baby she gave birth to, as well as undergo a medical examination to check for certain health risks.