One of the most important aspects of our lives is our climate. We know that it has an impact on everything from our health to what we eat but do you know some of the more specific things it can affect? Find out about the causes and effects of climate change in this piece.
What is Climate Change?
Climate change is the gradual increase in Earth’s average surface temperature, caused by the cumulative effect of human-generated greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
The main drivers of climate change are emissions from human activities like burning fossil fuels and deforestation.
Emissions from these activities cause heat to be trapped in the Earth’s atmosphere, which then warms the planet.
Climate change can also lead to changes in precipitation patterns, sea level rise, and more extreme weather events.
What are the Causes of Climate Change?
Climate change is the result of the interaction between the atmosphere, oceans, land, and ice. The different components of the global climate system interact with each other to create changes in temperature, precipitation, wind, and cloud cover. Over time, these changes can lead to more extreme weather events.
The main cause of climate change is the release of greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere. These gases trapping heat and causing Earth’s average surface temperature to rise by about 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit since the start of the industrial revolution. Other factors that contribute to climate change include deforestation, agricultural production practices, and human activity such as burning fossil fuels.
The effects of climate change are myriad and vary depending on location. For example, warmer temperatures can increase crop yields in some parts of the world while reducing them in others. Changes in precipitation patterns can lead to increased flooding or drought in certain areas. And increased wind speeds can cause damage to coastal communities and cause major disruptions on transportation networks.
The Effects of Climate Change
The effects of climate change are both devastating and intangible. It can cause extreme weather changes, loss of crop production, and displacement of people. Climate change is a result of human activity, specifically the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. These gases trap energy from the sun, causing the Earth’s temperature to rise.
The effects of climate change are clear and present-day examples include extreme weather events like Hurricane Harvey in Texas and Hurricane Irma in Florida, which have caused widespread damage. The cost to repair infrastructure and lost wages will be high, especially for areas that have been hit multiple times. Some communities have even been left without a home or means of income due to flooding or sea level rise.
There are also longer-term effects of climate change that we are only starting to see. For example, Arctic ice has decreased by over 30% since 2007, exposing more land area to the sun’s rays and contributing to global warming. In some places, erosion has increased because of higher water levels and more intense storms. This affects coastal communities as well as inland towns that rely on agriculture for their economy.
The Facts about Climate Change
Climate change is the result of man-made activities like emissions from cars, factories, and power plants. The gases that cause climate change are called greenhouse gases (GHGs). They are made when we burn things like coal, oil, and gas. These gases trap energy from the sun in the Earth’s atmosphere. This extra energy makes the Earth warm.
The Earth has been getting warmer since the late 1800s. Scientists have known about this “global warming” phenomenon for a long time, but it wasn’t until the 1970s that they realized what was causing it: human activity. Since then, we’ve tried to find ways to stop or reduce climate change by using renewable energy sources, like solar and wind. But even with all of our best efforts, climate change continues to get worse.
There are many different ways to measure climate change. Some measures show that the Earth is getting warmer overall, while other measures focus on specific regions of the world. One common way to measureclimate change is through temperature records kept by scientists all over the world. Temperature records show that since 1880, the Earth has been getting warmer overall and especially in recent years.
Natural Causes of Climate Change
The gases and particles that make up the Earth’s atmosphere trap sunlight and create climate change. These gases include carbon dioxide, water vapor, and ozone. Taken together, these gases make up about 90% of the Earth’s atmosphere.
The rest of the atmosphere- nitrogen, argon, and oxygen- are too small to have a significant effect on temperature. However, when these gases interact with sunlight, they can create molecules called “radicals.” Radicals can break down other molecules and cause changes in temperature.
Some of these changes happen quickly (within a few days or weeks), while others take years or longer to occur. The rate at which these changes happen is called the ” Rate of Reaction .”
There are three main types of reactions that contribute to climate change: physical, chemical, and radiative. Physical reactions happen when energy from the sun is converted into heat or light. Chemical reactions happen when molecules join together to make new substances. Radiative reactions take energy from the sun and convert it into waves that travel through space.