Urinary tract infections are common in females. Women are 30 times more at risk of getting urinary tract infections than men.
UTIs need to be treated on time. If untreated, the infection can get to the kidneys, causing pyelonephritis. If you have UTI, you should visit a general physician. You can consult the Best General Physician in Lahore.
Before discussing the reasons, let us discuss the symptoms of urinary tract infections.
Symptoms Of A UTI
The signs and symptoms of UTI include:
- Burning sensation when passing urine
- Pain while urination
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Abdominal pain
Why Is UTI Common In Women?
Different factors are responsible for increasing the risk of UTIs in women. In this article we will discuss what makes UTIs more common in women.
The Female Anatomy
Female anatomy is the primary reason for women getting more urinary tract infections. The reasons are shorter urethra and nearness of the urethra to the vagina and the anus.
- Shorter Urethra
The length of the female urethra is 3 to 4 cm, whereas, in men, it is about 20 cm. The short length of the urethra makes it easy for bacteria to access the urinary bladder. Once inside the urinary bladder, the bacteria can grow and cause an infection. The infection can travel up to the kidneys- a condition called pyelonephritis.
- Nearness Of Urethra With Vagina And Anus
In females, the urethra, vagina, and anus are located closely. The most common cause of UTIs is E.coli bacteria. It is a common resident of the gut and excreted in the faeces. Since the anus is situated closely to the urethra, the bacteria can easily infect it and cause UTI. Wiping from front to back after defecating helps prevent UTIs in females.
Other than anatomical reasons, other factors make UTIs more common in women than men.
- Sexual Intercourse
Sexually active women are more at risk of getting UTIs. During sex, the thrusting pushes bacteria from the urethra to the urinary bladder in females. It increases the risk of UTIs in women. Urinating before and after sex can prevent urinary tract infections in females. Staying hydrated to urinate more helps flush out bacteria from your urinary tract.
- Vaginal Douches
Women use vaginal douches to clean the vagina. But using such feminine hygiene products kills the good bacteria and increases the risk of genitourinary tract infections and UTIs. There is a greater risk of getting a UTI in women who use intimate washes or wipes. Douches disrupt the normal pH of the vagina, and the chances for bacterial and fungal infections go up. The vagina is a self-cleaning organ and does not need any chemicals to clean it. Stop douching to prevent UTIs. You can stop recurring BV with the help of probiotics supplements available in the market.
With menopause changes occur in the structure of your urinary tract and the vagina. Also, decreasing oestrogen disrupts the normal flora in the urinary tract and vagina. The normal flora is responsible for preventing different infections, and when disturbed, the risk of getting UTIs increases. The chances of developing urinary tract infections are higher in menopausal or premenopausal women who are sexually active.
Urinary tract infections are much more common in females than males. However, with preventive measures, they can be prevented well. UTIs need to be treated on time to avoid complications.
If you have a UTI, you can consult a general physician. You can visit a General Physician in islamabad.