Heart Disease – Diagnosis and Treatment

In Bangalore, nearly 16 percent of adults between the ages of 30 to 74 years experience a heart attack and other similar serious cardiovascular diseases. The risk of developing heart disease is significantly higher among males in this state of India. 

Heart disease refers to a variety of conditions that affect a person’s heart. It includes blood vessel disease, heart rhythm issues, heart valve and muscle disease, and heart infection. 

You should always look for the best heart hospital in Bangalorewhich is well-equipped to carry complex heart surgeries and possesses dedicated critical care beds for post-treatment care. 

Read on to know how heart diseases can be diagnosed and the treatment available.

Diagnosis of Heart Disease

Apart from chest X-rays and blood tests, there are a variety of other tests that can diagnose heart conditions. They include:

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) – It’s a quick test for recording your heart’s electrical signals. The test can detect abnormal heart rhythms. 
  • Stress test – In this, your heart rate is raised through medicine or exercise. At the same time, doctors perform heart tests to see the response of your heart. 
  • Holter monitoring – It’s portable ECG equipment you can wear for recording your heart rhythm for a period of 24 to 72 hours. This test can spot problems in heart rhythm that a standard ECG test cannot detect. 
  • Cardiac catheterization – In it, a sheath or short tube is put into your leg or arm’s artery or vein. A longer and flexible tube is put into the sheath. The doctor uses the X-ray images and threads the catheter through your artery till it meets the heart. Through this test, the pressures in the heart chambers are measured.

Treatment of Heart Disease

Your treatment depends on the kind of disease you have. The aim of treating any cardiovascular condition is to optimize the quantity and quality of the patient’s life. While framing the treatment process, prevention is regarded as the priority. 

In general, heart disease treatment majorly includes making healthy lifestyle changes, prescription medications, and in advanced cases, medical surgeries.

Lifestyle modifications

Once a plaque begins to form, the patient has to do everything they can to restrict its progression. It is possible through various lifestyle changes, like the ones given below.

  • Keeping a healthy lifestyle, where exercise plays a significant role. 
  • Quitting smoking.
  • Consuming a healthy diet that specifically promotes heart health.
  • Controlling high blood pressure, diabetes, and cholesterol.

Medical treatment

There are numerous medical treatments available for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

  • An aspirin is utilized for antiplatelet activity. It makes the platelets less sticky and minimizes the chances of a heart attack.
  • Other medications include those which increase blood flow to the heart and enhance the efficiency of the heart’s pumping function. 
  • Beta-blocker medications block the adrenaline action on your heart and slow the heart rate. These types of medicines also allow the more efficient beating of the heart and reduce its oxygen needs during any activity. 
  • Nitrates help in dilating arteries and enhance blood circulation in the heart. They are of two types, namely, Nitrostat for treating symptoms of acute angina and Imdur for prevention. 

In case the medications do not prove effective, your physician will suggest surgery or particular procedures. The kind of procedure will be according to your heart disease and the degree of heart damage. 

In Bangalore, cardiologists reveal that almost 80% of people suffering from cardiovascular diseases die of heart attacks due to coronary heart disease. 

It is essential to get treatment at the best heart hospital in Bangalore, having as many as 6 digital Cath Labs, including a hybrid one that can carry out interventional cardiac procedures.

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